NATURAL RECIPES FOR INSECTICIDES AND FUNGICIDES

A beautiful and healthy garden is possible without the use of expensive and often hazardous chemicals.  The following are a number of natural recipes to create safe and effective deterrents to bugs and other pests.  With a little effort, you will be doing your garden and the environment a big favour.

 

All-Purpose Insect Spray

 

1 garlic bulb

1 all onion

1 tbsp (15 ml) cayenne pepper

1 quart (litre) water

1 tbsp (15 ml) liquid soap (hand soap only)

 

Chop and grind garlic & onion, add cayenne and mix with water.  Let steep 1 hour, then add liquid soap.  Store the mixture in a covered jar in the refrigerator for up to one week.  Use it as a spray wherever insects are causing a problem. 

 

PROBLEMSSOLUTION

RECIPE

 

Aphids, thripsStinging nettle spray

Cover 1 quart (1 litre) of nettles with water – with lid on, steep for 3 weeks – dilute with 7 parts water

 

Aphids, June beetles, black spot, fungus diseases

 

Rhubarb spraySteep 6 rhubarb leaves in 2 to 3 quarts (2 to 3 litres) boiling water
Chewing/sucking insects, mildew, leaf spot, rust, spore diseaseGarlic spray

Steep 3 cloves of garlic, 1 medium onion and 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of very hot pepper in 1 quart (1 litre) of water for 10 minutes; strain.  Can be diluted with water 1:4.

 

Chewing/sucking insectsPyrethrum spray

Steep 1 tablespoon (15 ml) of dry flowers heads in two quarts (2 litres) of hot water.  Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum cinerariaeflloum) is an attractive perennial with marguerite daisy-like flowers

 

White fliesMullein spray

Steep 1 part mashed mullein leaves with 5 parts of water

 

Aphids, asparagus larvae, black spot, scale insectsTomato leaves

Steep 10 chopped tomato leaves and 1 chopped onion in ½ cup (120 ml) of alcohol for a few minutes, apply with a swab.

 

Spider mites, cabbage wormsSalt solution

1 ounce (28 grams) table salt in one gallon (4 litres) of water

 

Mosaic disease on tomatoes and peppersSkim milk spray

Sour milk has been used against cabbage worms

 

Potato blight, black spot, yellowing tomato leaves

Manure tea

(liquid)

½ commercial bag of manure or 1 mesh onion bag full of old manure and straw steeped in half of a large plastic garbage can of water.

 

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